Crusader castle of Saint Peter the Petronium from which the name Bodrum is
derived - dominates the town as it has done for more than 500 years. Built
by the Knights of Saint John in the early 1400s, the castle also houses
the Museum of Underwater
the largest built for a single archaeological display in Turkey and
funded by the Ministry of
of the finest examples of Crusader architecture in the east, it was built
from materials taken from the nearby Tomb of King Mausolus, one of the
Seven Wonders of the ancient world. And over the gates and in the walls,
fragments of the Mausoleum can still be seen. All that remains of once
magnificent tomb are mar columns and foundation blocks.
Museum of Underwater Archaeology is in the inner castle, reached after
passing through seven gates embellished with coats of arms and
inscriptions. Opened in the 1960s by Dr George Bass, the eminent nautical
archaeologist, it now has fascinating finds from seven shipwrecks from the
Bronze Age to the Byzantine Empire.
as one of the finest museums of its kind in the world, there is a
collection of artefacts from the Cape Gelidonya wreck, Bass's first
excavation. AD the finds are carefully labelled and exhibited. They include
the Seytan Deresi wreck in Gokova Bay, the Musgebi land excavation in a
necropolis which has yielded the richest Mycenaean collection outside
Greece, and the "glass wreck" found in the small natural bay called Serce
Harbor, near Marmaris.
memorable exhibition of glass objects and fragments were part of the cargo
of a ship, which sank in Serce Harbor in 1025 AD. It was originally
thought that the glass had shattered when the ship met its violent end.
This proved incorrect and it is now believed that it was broken glass
intended for recycling.
delicate, multicoloured glass fragments have been painstakingly
reconstructed by specially trained workers into exquisite cups, bottles
and plates, many with designs in relief.
permanent staff of archaeological cataloguers and conservators, augmented
by American university students in the summer, work on the finds from the
wrecks. When huge remains such as ship hulls are found, reconstruction can
mean full-time work for several years.